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Effi Briest (German Edition)

Publisher: Klett Ernst Verlag,Stuttgart , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:.

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Effi Briest by Theodor Fontane

New Paperback Quantity Available: The formula for calculating the ARI is as follows:. The ARI should compute a reading level approximately corresponding to the reader's grade level assuming the reader undertakes formal education.

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Thus, for example, a value of 1 is kindergarten level, while a value of 12 or 13 is the last year of school, and 14 is a sophomore at college. The current ARI of this text is 5 , making it understandable for 5-grade students at their expected level of education. The CLI is computed with this formula:. It is notable that other indexes exist, such as the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease, Gunning-Fog Score, and others, but we have chosen not to include them, since, contrary to the ARI and CLI, such other indexes are based on a syllable count and therefore arguably only work for English and not German.

We compute a further compound lexical diversity index , which should range from 1 to a with the standard deviation being around 10, and its average value being around 50 - it is 68 in the present case. The compound lexical diversity index consists of the following indexes, averaged out and also provided in the table above :. The score should normally range from 1 to In this case, the score is We provide you a sample of the text below, however, the full text of the Effi Briest is also available free of charge on our website.

This list excludes punctuation or single-letter words, also some different-case repeats of the same words. If you like this analysis, you should have a look at out our lists of German short stories and German books. If you like literature as a means to learn languages - please take a look at our project Interlinear Books. We even have a German Interlinear book available for purchase. Bringing Literature to Language Learning. Other Languages More in German Our subtitled books. The formula for calculating the ARI is as follows: The ARI should compute a reading level approximately corresponding to the reader's grade level assuming the reader undertakes formal education.


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The CLI is computed with this formula: It is notable that other indexes exist, such as the Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease, Gunning-Fog Score, and others, but we have chosen not to include them, since, contrary to the ARI and CLI, such other indexes are based on a syllable count and therefore arguably only work for English and not German. The compound lexical diversity index consists of the following indexes, averaged out and also provided in the table above : the Measure of Textual Lexical Diversity MTLD index - a measure which is based on computing the TTR for increasingly larger parts of the text until the TTR drops below a certain threshold point around 0.

Yule, who published his index of Frequency Vocabulary in his paper "The statistical study of literary vocabulary"; Yule's I takes into account the number of words in the text, and a compound summed measure of word frequency; the Hypergeometric Distribution D HD-D index based on vocd - an index which assesses the contribution of each word to the diversity of the text; to calculate such contributions, a hypergeometric distribution is used to compute probabilities of each word appearing in word samples extracted from the text; then such distributions are divided by sample sizes and added up; Our overall measure of grammatical diversity is based on a combination of the compound lexical diversity index which includes the MTLD, Yule's I and HD-D indexes , the ARI and CLI , all normalized and given certain weight.